The meaning of the word “chutzpah” varies by context. In criminal court, it might refer to murdering one’s parents then asking for leniency because the perpetrator is an orphan. In family court, it might be invoked when abandoning a child, then pleading the child has been alienated from the parent who left.
None of us has held our own brain in our hands. We have no direct evidence from experience of how it works. Nevertheless, we all agree that the brain is the center of our world. It’s a world, after all, where the death of the brain is equivalent to death itself.
It was not until 1943, amid world war, that penicillin was found to be an effective treatment for syphilis. This study investigated the hypothesis that a decrease in the cost of syphilis due to penicillin spurred an increase in risky non-traditional sex.